The limited company structure enables directors to withdraw money from their business in the form of salary, dividends, or expense repayments. Any other withdrawal of funds is regarded as a loan from the company.
Your company is a separate entity in law, which offers valuable protection from personal liability as a director. If you owe money to your own company, however, there are rules and regulations surrounding repayment.
A director’s loan account records the funds you invested in your company, and withdrawals that don’t constitute salary, dividends, or repayment of expenses. There must be a separate director’s loan account for each company director, and these accounts form part of the business’ books.
A DLA is regarded as overdrawn if you owe the company money - the overdrawn balance is essentially an interest-free loan. This situation introduces the potential for additional tax and reporting requirements, as depending on the circumstances, the withdrawal may be regarded as a benefit-in-kind by HMRC.
You might need to withdraw money from the company to cover a personal expense that you didn’t expect. It may not seem a problem at the time if the business’ financial situation, and your own, is stable.
Serious issues can arise if your company experiences financial difficulty, however. Should the company be liquidated, the office-holder will expect immediate repayment of the money in full as the loan is an asset that needs to be recovered.
Two factors can affect the rules surrounding company loans to directors. These are the amount borrowed – if it exceeds £10,000 – and whether the rate of interest paid is lower than the official rate.
As long as you repay in full within nine months and one day of the end of your company’s corporation tax accounting period, you won’t have to pay any personal tax on the borrowing.
If the money isn’t repaid in this timescale, the following might apply:
Any money owed to the company appears on the balance sheet as an asset, so if it enters liquidation you become personally liable to repay the full balance outstanding. In the event that you can’t afford to repay, the liquidator can take legal action to recoup the debt on behalf of the company.
In doing so your home and other assets may be put at risk as the liquidator can force you into bankruptcy. If you’re found to have contributed to the decline of the business by taking the loan, you might also be held personally liable for some of the business’ debts.
Owing money to your own company may seem straightforward when the intention is to repay within the given timescale. Circumstances can change, however, and you may find yourself unable to repay.
If you’d like more information on directors’ loan accounts, and taking money from your company, please contact our expert team at UK Liquidators. We provide reliable independent advice, and offer free same-day consultations.
If you are considering liquidation for your limited company, taking advice from a licensed insolvency practitioner can help you understand your options.
Take our 60 second test and find out
If you are considering liquidation for your company, taking expert advice at an early stage is crucial. At UK Liquidators, our team of licensed insolvency practitioners are committed to providing limited company directors with the help and advice they need to make an informed decision.
Complete the below to get in touch